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Conference Proceedings & Reports

     

2009 2008  2007  2006  2005  2004  2003  2002 

2009

Dennison, S., Moore, M., Fleetwood, M., Forrest, L. and Gulland, F. 2009.Application of advanced diagnostic imaging modalities in marine mammal medicine and pathology: three interesting cases. Proceedings of the 40 Annual Conference of the International Association of Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 2-7, San Antonio, Texas

Fei Fan Ng, T., Manire, C.,  Suedmeyer, W., Borrowman, K.,  Langer, T., Wheeler, E., Gulland, F., Ehrhart, L., and Breitbart, M. 2009. Discovering Novel Animal Viruses Using Viral Metagenomics. Proceedings of the 40 Annual Conference of the International Association of Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 2-7, San Antonio, Texas.

Ferrante, J.A., Arthur, J.M, Gulland, F.M., Hill, E., Almeida, J., and Janech, M. G. 2009.Serum cytokines as predictors of domoic acid exposure in California sea lions (Zalophus californianus). Proceedings of the 18th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, October 12-16, Quebec, Canada.

Flanary, J.R., Reiner, J.L., Kucklick, J.R., Gulland, F.M., and Becker, P.R. Perflourinated compounds in plasma, liver and kidney of Northern fur seals (Callorhinus ursinus). Proceedings of the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 30th annual meeting in North America, November 19-23, New Orleans, LA.

Greig, D.J., Gulland, F.M., and Hall, A.J. 2009. Correlates of survival in harbor seal pups from central California, USA. Proceedings of the 18th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, October 12-16, Quebec, Canada.

Greig, D.J., Hall, A. J., Rios, C.A., and Gulland, F.M.D. 2009. Hematology and serum chemistry in stranded and wild caught harbor seals in central California: reference ranges, prognosis and explanatory factors. Proceedings of the 40 Annual Conference of the International Association of Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 2-7, San Antonio, Texas.

Greig, D.J., Gulland, F.M.D., Wheeler, E.A., Jang, S., and Hall, A.J. 2009. Prevalence of potentially pathogenic bacteria in the feces of stranded and wild harbor seals (Phoca vitulina) in central California. Proceedings of the 58th Annual International Conference of the Wildlife Disease Association, August 2-7, Blaine, Washington.

Greig, D.J., Gulland, F.M., Ylitalo, G., Yanagida, G., Hall, A.J., Survival and blubber contaminant concentrations of PCB’s, DDT’s, and PBDE’s in harbor seal pups (Phoca vitulina) from San Francisco Bay, CA. Proceedings of the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 30th annual meeting in North America, November 19-23, New Orleans, LA.

Gulland, F. 2009.Causes of marine mammal strandings along the California, USA, coast. National Science Museum, September 15, Tokyo, Japan.

Gulland, F. and Wheeler, E. 2009. Field investigations of wildlife mortalities. Workshop. Proceedings of the 58th Annual International Conference of the Wildlife Disease Association, August 2-7, Blaine, Washington.

Gulland, F. 2009. Hot topics in marine mammals. Workshop. Proceedings of the 58th Annual International Conference of the Wildlife Disease Association, August 2-7, Blaine, Washington.

Gulland, F. 2009. The impact of biotoxins on marine mammals. Ehime University, September 11, 2009,  Matsuyama, Japan.

Gulland, F.M.D., Greig, D., Lloyd-Smith, J., Zuerner, R. 2009. Molecular markers, MAT and modeling: new evidence for Leptospirosis in California sea lions being endemic within periodic epizootics, defying the host-adapted strain paradigm for Leptospirosis. Proceedings of the 40 Annual Conference of the International Association of Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 2-7, San Antonio, Texas.

Hall, A., Cordes, L., Thompson, L., Beaton, R., Greig, D. and B. McConnell. 2009.The adaption and use of radio frequency identification (RFID) tags for marking harbour seals (Phoca vitulina). 23rd Annual Conference of the European Cetacean Society, Mar 2-4,  Istanbul, Turkey

Levine,G., Braun, R., Gulland, F., Yamagata, M., Colitz, C., Wickham, D., Schofield, D.,  Littnan, C., Kashinsky, L. and Kendall, C. 2009.Idiopathic corneal edema in a monk seal pup hand reared from birth. Proceedings of the 40 Annual Conference of the International Association of Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 2-7, San Antonio, Texas.

McConnel, B., Hall, A.J., Cordes, L., Thompson, L., Beaton, R., and Greig, D. 2009.The adaptation and use of radio frequency identification (RIFD) tags for marking harbour seals (Phoca vitulina). Proceedings of the 18th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, October 12-16, Quebec, Canada.

Montie, E.W., Pussini, N., Schneider, G., Battey, T.W.K., Dennison, S., Barakos, J., and  Gulland, F. 2009. Neuroanatomy and brain structure volumes of a live California sea lion (Zalophus californianus) from magnetic resonance images: utility in determining effects of domoic acid. Proceedings of the 40 Annual Conference of the International Association of Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 2-7, San Antonio, Texas.

Norris, T., Littnan, C.L., Gulland, F.M., and Harvey, J.T. 2009. Movement, survival, and disease profile of translocated and resident Hawaiian monk seals at Nihoa Island, Hawaii. Proceedings of the 18th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, October 12-16, Quebec, Canada.

Rivera, R., Wellehan, J.F.X., Venn-Watson, S., Jensen, E., Carlin, K.P., Gulland, F.M.D., Wells, R.S.,  St. Leger, J., Stolen, M.,  Noke Durden, W., and Nollens, H. 2009. Detection, diversity and epidemiology of marine mammal astroviruses. Proceedings of the 40 Annual Conference of the International Association of Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 2-7, San Antonio, Texas.

Rowles, T., Greig, D., Gulland, F.M., and Ip, H. 2009. Swine flu, bird flu, and human flu: what does it mean for marine mammals? Proceedings of the 18th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, October 12-16, Quebec, Canada.

Schofield, D., Levine, G., Gulland, F.M, and Littnan, C. 2009. The first successful rehabilitation and release of a Hawaiian monk seal pup with an overview of post release monitoring. Proceedings of the 18th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, October 12-16, Quebec, Canada.

Wilkin, S., Berman-Kowalewski, M., Gulland, F.M, Calambokidis, J., Mate, B., McKenna, M, Collins, P., Dover, S., Rotstein, D., St.Leger, J., Senyk, N., and Codero, J. 2009.  Blue whale ship strikes off southern California. Proceedings of the 18th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, October 12-16, Quebec, Canada.

Williams, K., and Harvey, J.T. 2009. The effects of storage time on hematology and serum chemistry parameters of the California sea lion (Zalophus californianus). Proceedings of the 18th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, October 12-16, Quebec, Canada.

2008

Colegrove, K.M., Gulland, F.M.D., Naydan, D., Wilson, D.W., Mohr, F.C., and Lowenstine, L.J. 2008. The California sea lion (Zalophus californianus) reproductive tract: steroid hormone receptor expression in health and disease. Proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference of the International Association of Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 10-14, Pomezia, Rome, Italy.

Elson-Riggins, J., Midmore, F., Taylor, A., Gulland, F., and Aldridge, B. 2008. Optimization and application of diagnostic tests in Otostrongylus circumlitus infection in northern elephant and Pacific harbor seals. Proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference of the International Association of Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 10-14, Pomezia, Rome, Italy.

Gaffney, P.M., Colegrove, K.M., Gulland, F.M.D., Byrne, B., Jang, S.S., Edgar, K., and Lowenstine, L.J.  Pathologic, microbiologic, and epidemiologic characterization of Pseudomonas sp. in California sea lions (Zalophus californianus) and Pacific harbor seals (Phoca vitulina). Proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference of the International Association of Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 10-14, Pomezia, Rome, Italy.

Goldstein, T., Zabka, T.S., and Gulland, F.M.D. 2008. Domoic acid toxicity in California sea lions (Zalophus californianus): more than just neurologic effects.  Proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference of the International Association of Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 10-14, Pomezia, Rome, Italy.

Gulland, F. 2008. Applied research for marine mammal management.  Proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference of the International Association of Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 10-14, Pomezia, Rome, Italy.

Gulland, F. 2008. California sea lions as sentinels of coastal change. Oceans and Human Health Gordon Research Conference, June 29- July 4, Tilton, New Hampshire

Gulland, F.M.D. 2008. Marine mammals as sentinels of ocean change. Proceedings of the Associazione Italiana di Patologia Veterinaria, May 15-17, Palermo, Sicilia, Italy.

Gulland, F. 2008. Marine mammals as sentinels of ocean health. NPS Ocean Lecture Series, October 20, Dominican University, San Rafael, CA.

Gulland, F.M.D., Nutter, F., Calambokidis, J., Schorr, G., Rowles, T., Wilkin, S., Spradlin, T., Gage, L., Smith, J., Moore, M., Muslow, J., Reichmuth, C., and Hanser S. 2008. Health assessment, antibiotic treatment, and behavioral responses to herding efforts of a cow-calf pair of humpback whales in the Sacramento River Delta, California. Proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference of the International Association of Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 10-14, Pomezia, Rome, Italy.

Gulland, F., Terri Rowles, Jonna Mazet, Lorenzo Rojas-Bracho, and Rei Rasumussen. 2008. Health and nutrition in gray whales. Gray Whales and Climate Change: Sentinels of the North Pacific/Arctic Ecosystem. Held in Conjunction with the ACS Conference, Monday, November 17, 2008. Monterey, CA.

Klosterhaus, S., Stapleton, H., Konstntinov, A., Greig, D., 2008. Alternative brominated flame retardants in San Francisco Bay wildlife and sediments. SETAC North America 29th Annual Meeting, 16-20 Nov. Tampa, FL.

Sedlak, M., Greig, D., Grace, R.and P. Riley. 2008. Perflourinated compounds in San Francisco Bay harbor seals. SETAC North America 29th Annual Meeting, 16-20 Nov. Tampa, FL

Levin, M., Joshi, D., Draghi, A. II, Jessup, D., Gulland, F.M.D., and De Guise, S. 2008. Immunomodulatory effects of domoic acid in California sea lions and southern sea otters.  Proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference of the International Association of Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 10-14, Pomezia, Rome, Italy.

Nutter, F.B., Gulland, F.M.D., Beckmen, K., and DeLong, R.L. 2008 Hematology and serum biochemistry values for northern fur seal pups from the Pribilof Islands, Alaska, San Miguel Island, California, and in rehabilitation at The Marine Mammal Center, Sausalito, California. Proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference of the International Association of Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 10-14, Pomezia, Rome, Italy.

Sidor, I.F., Goldstein, T., Hoag, J., Frasca, S., Gulland, F., and Dunn J.L. 2008. Brucella-associated abortion in California sea lions (Zalophus californianus). Proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference of the International Association of Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 10-14, Pomezia, Rome, Italy.

2007

Colegrove, K. M., Lowenstine, L.J., Sarran, D., Wheeler, E., and Moore, P.F. 2007. Intestinal T-cell lymphoma in a stranded California sea lion. 2nd Annual Marine Animal Histopathology Workshop in conjunction with the Proceedings of the 38th Annual Conference of The International Association of Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 5-9, Orlando, Florida, U.S.A.

Gaffney, P.M., Colegrove, K.M., Higgins, R.J., Lowenstine, L.J., Zabka, T., Procter, D., and Thompson, R. 2007. Oligodendroglioma in a California sea lion. 2nd Annual Marine Animal Histopathology Workshop in conjunction with the Proceedings of the 38th Annual Conference of The International Association of Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 5-9, Orlando, Florida, U.S.A.

Goldstein, T., Zabka, T., DeLong, R., Wheeler, E., Dunn, J.L., King, D., Reid, S., Ylitalo, G., Bargu, S., Leighfield, T., Van Dolah, F., and Gulland, F. 2007. Premature parturition in California sea lions (Zalophus californianus) on San Miguel Island: the role of the biotoxin domoic acid. Proceedings of the Wildlife Disease Association International Conference, August 12-17, Estes Park, Colorado, U.S.A.

Greig, D.J., Sedlak, M., Hall, A.J., and Gulland, F. 2007. Disease, contaminants, and harbor seal health in San Francisco Bay. 8th Biennial State of the San Francisco Estuary Conference, October 16-18, Oakland, California, U.S.A.

Gulland, F. 2007. Health and disease in marine mammals off the California coast of the United States. 7o Convegno Nazionale sui Cetacei e Sulle Tartarughe, December 5-6, Rome, Italy.

Gulland, F. M. D. 2007. Health issues for marine mammals of the West Coast. 9th Annual Conference of the Animal Grantmakers Association, November 13, Napa, California, U.S.A.

Gulland, F. M. D. 2007. Health issues for marine mammals of the West Coast. Annual Meeting of the Marine Mammal Commission, August 28-30, Vancouver, Oregon, U.S.A.

Gulland, F. M. D. 2007. Marine mammals as sentinels of ocean change.17th Annual Meeting of the Society of Environmental Journalists, September 7-9, Stanford, California, U.S.A.

Gulland, F. M. D. 2007. Marine mammals as sentinels: lessons learned and future directions. Oceans and Human Health Initiative, Principal Investigators Meeting, October 22-24, Muskegon, Michigan, U.S.A.

Gulland, F. M. D. 2007. The role of infectious disease in marine mammal demography. Workshop on Infectious and Non-infectious Diseases Report of the 59th Annual Meeting of the International Whaling Commission, May 5-6, Anchorage, Alaska, U.S.A.

Gulland, F., Silver, M., and Langlois, G. 2007. Sub-lethal effects of domoic acid on California sea lions, sentinels of ocean change that affect human health. Oceans and Human Health Initiative, Principal Investigators Meeting, October 22-24, Muskegon, Michigan, U.S.A.

Luff, J.A., Colegrove, K.M., Gulland, F.M.D., and Lowenstine, L.J. 2007. Gastric trichomonads in stranded California sea lions (Zalophus californianus). Proceedings of the 38th Annual Conference of The International Association for Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 5-9, Orlando, Florida, U.S.A.

Norris, T.A., Braun, R.C., Littnan, C.L., Antonelis, G.A., and Gulland, F.M.D. 2007. Captive care and post-release monitoring of seven female juvenile Hawaiian monk seals. 17th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, November 28-December 3, Cape Town, South Africa.

Nutter, F.B., Goldstein, T., and Gulland, F. 2007. Update on northern fur seal (Callorhinus ursinus) strandings along the central California coast since 1975. Proceedings of the Wildlife Disease Association International Conference, August 12-17, Estes Park, Colorado, U.S.A.

Sarran, D., Greig, D.J., Rios, C.A., Zabka, T.J., and Gulland, F.M.D. 2007. Evaluation of aqueous humor as a surrogate for serum biochemistry in California seal lions, Zalophus californianus. Proceedings of the 38th Annual Conference of The International Association for Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 5-9, Orlando, Florida, U.S.A.

2006

Williams, C.D., Haulena, M., Dennison, S., Laxer, K.D., Tharp, B., Goldstein, T., and Gulland, F.M.D. 2006. Electroencephalographic findings associated with domoic acid poisoning in California sea lions. Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of The International Association for Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 6-10, Nassau, Bahamas.

Barakos, J. Haulena, M. A., Gulland, F. M. D., Goldstein, T., Colegrove, K., Dennison, S., Zabka, T., Thomas, K., Spangenberg, J. V. 2006. Neuroradiological and neuropathological findings associated with domoic acid exposure in Zalophus californianus (California Sea Lion): animal model for toxicity induced mesial temporal sclerosis in humans.  Proceedings of the 44th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Neuroradiology, May 1 - 5, San Diego, California, U.S.A.

Gulland, F. 2006. Domoic acid intoxication of sea lions: a renewed need for the canary in the coalmine. Proceedings of the 172nd Annual Meeting of AAAS, February 16-20, St Louis, Missouri, U.S.A.

Stoddard, R. A., Atwill, E. R., Gulland, F. M. D., Miller, M. A., Paradies, D. M., Worcester, K. R., Jang, S., Lawrence, J., and Conrad P. A. 2006. Antimicrobial resistant Escherichia coli in northern elephant seals (Mirounga angustirostris) in California.  Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agent and Chemotherapy, September 29, San Francisco, California, U.S.A.

Colegrove, K.M., Dennison, S., Gulland, F.M.D., Haulena, M., and Lowenstine, L.J. 2006. Systemic toxoplasmosis in stranded California sea lions. International Association of Aquatic Animal Medicine, 1st Annual Marine Mammal Histopathology Workshop, May 6-10
Nassau, Bahamas

Colegrove, K.M., Naydan, D.K., Gulland, F.M.D., and Lowenstine, L.J. 2006. Pathology, immunohistochemistry, and hormone receptor status of genital smooth muscle tumors in stranded California sea lions. 57th Annual Meeting of the American College of Veterinary Pathologists, December, Tucson, Arizona, U.S.A.

2005

Acevedo-Whitehouse, K. and Gulland, F. 2005. Unraveling the genetic basis for heterozygosity – fitness correlations in diseased California sea lions. 16th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, December 12-16, San Diego, California.

Barco, S., Merigo, C., Touhey, K., and Zagzebski, K. 2005. Making difficult decisions: the ethics of stranding response. National Marine Mammal Stranding Network Conference. April, Lansdowne, VA.

Burek, K., Gill, V.A., Doroff, A.M., Tuomi, P., Goldstein, T., Miller, M.A., Jang, S.S., Shewmaker, L., and Bodkin, J.L. 2005. Valvular endocarditis and septicemia due to Streptococcus infantarius ss coli organisms in stranded northern (Enhydra lutris kenyoni) and southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis). Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of The International Association for Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 14-18, Seward, AK.

Casper, D., Miller, M., Reed, M., Jessup, D., Gulland, F., Haulena, M., Wheeler, L., Dierauf, L., Lowenstine, L., Colegrove, K., Burek, K., St Ledger, J., Buckles, B., Rommel, S., Zabka, T., Sigler, T., Tatman, S., and Morris, P. 2005. The visible sea lion: an introduction to sea lion anatomy, necropsy and pathology. 16th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, December 12-16, San Diego, California.

Colegrove, K.M, Haulena, M., Goldstein, T., Gulland, F.M.D., Barakos, J.A., and Lowenstine, L.J. 2005. Neuropathologic findings associated with the long-term effects of exposure in stranded California sea lions (Zalophus californianus). Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of The International Association for Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 14-18, Seward, AK.

Colegrove, K.M, Haulena, M., Dennison, S., Gulland, F.M.D., Barakos, J.A., and Lowenstine, L.J. 2005. Domoic acid toxicosis in a California sea lion (Zalophus californianus). CL Davis Foundation for Veterinary Pathology West Coast Subdivision Meeting, April 21-22 Monterey, California.

Dennison S., Haulena, M., Gulland, F., Greig, D., and Williams, D. C. 2005. Comparison of the use of medetomidine and medetomidine-butorphanol to facilitate electroencephalography in California sea lions (Zalophus californianus). Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of The International Association for Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 14-18, Seward, AK.

Dietrich, A., Luers, D., Braun, R.C., and Gulland, F. 2005. Photographic assessment of trends in body condition of juvenile Hawaiian monk seals. 16th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, December 12-16, San Diego, California.

Doroff, A.M., Goldstein, T., Monson, D., Gill, V.A., Burdin, A., and Bodkin, J. 2005. A comparison in indices of sea otter health and condition between the declining southwest population in Alaska and the stable Commander Island population in Russia in 2004-05. 16th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, December 12-16, San Diego, California.

Fauquier, D.A., Kinsel, M.J., Dailey, M.D., Hurst, G.E., Barros, N.B., Stolen, M.K., Rommel, S.A., Wells, R.S, and Gulland, F. 2005. Assessing the impact of lungworm infection on the health of wild bottlenose dolphins in central west Florida. 16th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, December 12-16, San Diego, California.

Gill, V.A. Burek, K., Tuomi, P., Doroff, A.M., Goldstein, T., Bodkin, J., and Miller, M. 2005. Patterns of mortality for northern sea otters from Alaska. 16th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, December 12-16, San Diego, California.

Goldstein, T., Gulland, F.M.D., Barakos, J., Silver, M., Langlois, G. and Van Dolah, F. 2005. Sub-lethal and long-term effects of exposure to domoic acid in stranded California sea lions. The 18th Biennial Conference of the Estuarine Research Federation, October 16-20, Norfolk, Virginia.

Goldstein, T., Gulland, F.M.D., Langlois, G., Silver, M., Haulena, M.A., Lowenstine, L.J., Colegrove, K.M., and Van Dolah, F.M. 2005. Sub-lethal and long-term effects of exposure to domoic acid in stranded California sea lions (Zalophus californianus). 16th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, December 12-16, San Diego, California.

Greig, D.J. and Gulland, F.M.D. 2005. Leptospirosis in California sea lions: What is the source of infection? Abstracts from the 7th Biennial State of the San Francisco Estuary Conference, Oct 4-6, Oakland, California.

Greig, D.J., Ylitalo, G.M., Hall, A.J., Fauquier, D.A., and Gulland, F. 2005. Transplacental transfer of organochlorines in California sea lions (Zalophus californianus). 16th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, December 12-16, San Diego, California.

Gulland, F.M.D., Haulena, M., Goldstein, T., Lowenstine, L.J., Colegrove, K.M., and Van Dolah, F. 2005. Sub-lethal and long-term effects of exposure to domoic acid in stranded California sea lions. Proceedings of the Wildlife Disease Association International Conference, June 26 – July 1, Cairns, Queensland, Australia.

Gulland, F.M.D., Goldstein, T., Barakos, J. Silver, M., Langlois, G. and Van Dolah, F. 2005. Sub-lethal and long-term effects of exposure to domoic acid in stranded California sea lions. 3rd Symposium on Harmful Algal Blooms in the U.S., Oct2 - 7, Pacific Grove, California.

Haulena, M., Gulland, F.M.D., Horning, M., and Tuomi, P. 2005. Intra-abdominal implantation of life history transmitters in California sea lions (Zalophus californianus). Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of The International Association for Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 14-18, Seward, AK.

Haulena, M., Lander, M., Harvey, J.T., Horning, M., Tuomi, P., Butler, P.J., Woakes, A.J., and Gulland, F.M.D. 2005. Surgical implantation of tracking and physiological monitoring instruments in pinnipeds. 16th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, December 12-16, San Diego, California.

Levine, G., Kashinsky, L., Littnan, C., Braun, R., Haulena, M., and Rhinehart, H. 2005. Esophageal foreign body removal via an intragastric approach including pre-injury and post-release satellite tracking of a Hawaiian monk seal (Monachus schauinslandi) in the main Hawaiian islands. Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of The International Association for Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 14-18, Seward, AK.

Lowenstine, L.J., Bowen, L., Ylitalo, G.M., Buckles, E.L., Stott, J.L., Stein, J.E., DeLong, R.L., Melin, S., Colegrove, K.M., Johnson, S.P., and Gulland, F.M.D. 2005. Urogenital carcinomas in California sea lions: herpesvirus, sex, pollutants and genes. 16th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, December 12-16, San Diego, California.

Miller, W., Stoddard, R., Miller, M., Jang, S., Conrad, P., Mazet, J., Hirsh, D., Chen, L., Al Nimri, S., Gulland, F., Jessup, D., and Byrne, B. 2005. Marine mammal salmonella: a comparison with invertebrate, domestic animal, and human isolates. 16th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, December 12-16, San Diego, California.

Nickel, B.A. and Greig, D. 2005. Post-release monitoring of three stranded Guadalupe fur seals: movement, dive behavior, and habitat use. 16th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, December 12-16, San Diego, California.

Nollens, H.H., Jacobson, E.R., Gulland, F., Haulena, M., Beusse, D., and Condit, R. 2005. A novel herpesvirus associated with necrotizing keratitis in the California sea lion. National Marine Mammal Stranding Network Conference, April 3-7, 2005, The National Conference Center, Landsdowne, Virginia.

Nollens, H.H., Jacobson, E.R., Beusse, D., Condit, R.C., Bossart, G.D., Delong, R.L., Haulena, M., and Gulland, F.M.D. 2005. Poxvirus infections in North American pinnipeds: Preliminary findings. National Marine Mammal Stranding Network Conference, April 3-7, 2005, The National Conference Center, Landsdowne, Virginia.

Nollens, H.H., Jacobson, E.R., Beusse, D., Condit, R.C., Bossart, G.D., Delong, R.L., Haulena, M., and Gulland, F.M.D. 2005. Poxvirus infections in North American pinnipeds. Proceedings of the Wildlife Disease Association International Conference, June 26 – July 1, Cairns, Queensland, Australia.

Nollens, H.H., Zabka, T.S., and Gulland, F.M.D. 2005. A review of emerging and re-emerging diseases of pinnipeds. Florida Marine Mammal Health Conference II, April 7-10, 2005, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.

Nollens, H.H., Jacobson, E.R., DeLong, R.L., Haulena, M., and Gulland, F.M.D. 2005. Serologic observations and serosurvey of poxvirus infections in California sea lions (Zalophus californianus). Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of The International Association for Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 14-18, 2005, Seward, Alaska. P.252.

Raverty, S.A., Lambourn, D.M., Jeffries, S.J., Cameron, C.E., Norman, S.A., Zuerner, R., Szaniszlo, W., Olesiuk, P., and Gulland, F. 2005. Incursion of Leptospira interrogans, serovar pomona into the Pacific Northwest by migratory subadult and adult California sea lions (Zalophus californianus). Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of The International Association for Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 14-18, Seward, AK.

Spradlin, T.R., Gulland, F.M.D., Wells, R.S., Ragen, T.J., and Rowles, T.K. 2005. Review of marine mammal unusual mortality events in the United States: 1992-2005. 16th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, December 12-16, San Diego, California.

Stephens, C.A., Goldstein, T., Mellish, J-A., and Jang, S. 2005. Disease and health monitoring in juvenile Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) held in temporary captivity. 16th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, December 12-16, San Diego, California.

Stoddard, R.A., Atwill, E.R., Conrad, P.A., Jang, S., Lawrence, J., and Gulland, F. 2005. Changes in antimicrobial resistance of fecal Escherichia coli during rehabilitation of northern elephant seals (Mirounga angustirostris). 16th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, December 12-16, San Diego, California.

Stoddard, R.A., Atwill, E.R., Jang, S., Conrad, P.A., Gulland, F.M., and Lawrence, J. 2005. The effect of rehabilitation of northern elephant seals (Mirounga angustirostris) on antimicrobial resistance of fecal bacteria. Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of The International Association for Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 14-18, Seward, AK.

Stoddard, R., Atwill, E.R., Jang, S., Conrad, P., Gulland, F., Lawrence, J., Miller, M., Paradies, D., and Worcester, K. 2005. Risk factors associated with infection with pathogenic and antimicrobial resistant gastrointestinal bacteria in Northern elephant seals (Mirounga angustirostris). Proceedings of the Wildlife Disease Association International Conference, June 26 – July 1, Cairns, Queensland, Australia.

Stott, J.L., Vittore, R., Bowen, L., Blanchard, M., Smith, B., Goldstein, T., Gelatt, T., Burek, K., and Beckmen, K. 2005. Molecular identification of herpesviruses in Alaskan Steller sea lions (Eumatopias jubatus). Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of The International Association for Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 14-18, Seward, AK.

Torres de la Riva, G., Kreuder-Johnson, C., Gulland, F.M.D., Langlois, G., Heyning, J., Rowles, T., and Mazet, J.A.K. 2005. Marine mammal strandings associated with toxic algal blooms along the southern California coastline in 2002. 16th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, December 12-16, San Diego, California.

Yochem, P.K., Gulland, F.M.D., Stewart, B.S., Haulena, M., and Mazet, J.A.K. 2005. Thyroid function testing in elephant seals in health and disease. 16th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, December 12-16, San Diego, California.

Zabka, T.S., Goldstein, T., and Nollens, H.H. 2005. Diagnostic techniques in aquatic animal medicine. Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of The International Association for Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 14-18, 2005, Seward, Alaska. Pp. 6-34.

Zabka, T.S., Lowenstine, L.J., and Gulland, F.M.D. 2005. Normal gastrointestinal anatomy and perforating ulcerative gastroduodenitis in California sea lions (Zalophus californianus). Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of The International Association for Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 14-18, Seward, AK.

Zabka, T.S., Lowenstine, L.J., and Gulland, F.M.D. 2005. Normal gastrointestinal anatomy and perforating ulcerative gastroduodenitis in California sea lions (Zalophus californianus). 16th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, December 12-16, San Diego, California.

2004

Colegrove, K. M., Gulland, F.M.D., 2004. Stranding causes of northern elephant seals (Mirounga angustirostris) and pacific harbor seals (Phoca vitulina) along the central California coast: 1992-2001, Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of The International Association for Aquatic Animal Medicine, April 4-9, Galveston, Texas.

Colegrove, K.M., Gulland, F. M.D., and Lowenstine, L.J. 2004. Amyloidosis in stranded California sea lions (Zalophus californianus). American Association of Zoo Veterinarians, American Association of Wildlife Veterinarians, Wildlife Disease Association Joint Proceedings, Aug 28-Sept 3, San Diego, California.

Colegrove, K.M., Lowenstine, L.J., Buckles, E.L., Kelley, T., Dailey, M., Haulena, M., and Gulland, F.M.D., 2004. Otostrongylus circumlitus infestation and disseminated adenovirus infection in a stranded California sea lion (Zalophus californianus), Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of The International Association for Aquatic Animal Medicine, April 4-9, Galveston, Texas.

Dold, C., Haulena, M., Gulland, F., 2004. Pharmacokinetics of oral carprofen in the California sea lion (Zalophus californianus). American Association of Zoo Veterinarians, American Association of Wildlife Veterinarians, Wildlife Disease Association Joint Proceedings, Aug 28-Sept 3, San Diego, California.

Goertz, C.E.C., Wise, S.S., Wise Sr., J.P., Bozza, M., Atkinson, S., Gulland, F.M.D., 2004. In vitro metal toxicity in Steller sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus) fibroblasts with an emphasis on Hexavalent Chromium, 35th Annual Conference of The International Association for Aquatic Animal Medicine, April 4-9, Galveston, Texas.

Goldstein, T., Lowenstein, L., Lipscomb, T.P., Mazet, J.A.K., Novak, J. Scott, J.L., and Gulland, F.M.D., 2004. Identification of a gamma Herpesviral infection in Northern elephant seals (Mirounga angustirostris). American Association of Zoo Veterinarians, American Association of Wildlife Veterinarians, Wildlife Disease Association Joint Proceedings, Aug 28-Sept 3, San Diego, California.

Goldstein, T., Gulland, F.M.D., Braun, R.C., Antonelis, G.A., Rowels, Mazet, J.A.K., Dalton, L.M., Aldridge, B.M., Scott, J.L., 2004. Molecular identification of a novel gamma Herpesvirus in Hawaiian monk seals (Monachus schauinsland). American Association of Zoo Veterinarians, American Association of Wildlife Veterinarians, Wildlife Disease Association Joint Proceedings, Aug 28-Sept 3, San Diego, California.

Haulena, M., Dold, C., Colegrove, K., Lowenstine, L.J., Thomas, K., Harvey, J.T., Barakos, J.A., Spangenberg, J.V., Cashdollar, N., Greig, D., Gulland, F. 2004. Long-term neurologic effects of exposure to domoic acid in stranded California sea lions. American Association of Zoo Veterinarians, American Association of Wildlife Veterinarians, Wildlife Disease Association Joint Proceedings, Aug 28-Sept 3, San Diego, California.

Miller, M., Kreuder, C., Mazet, J., Gulland, F., Van Dolah, F., Leighfield, T., Brownstein, D., Conrad, P., Dugan J. and Jessup, D., 2004. A Southern sea otter (Enhydra lutris nereis) unusual mortality eEvent: findings from analysis of fresh dead animals. American Association of Zoo Veterinarians, American Association of Wildlife Veterinarians, Wildlife Disease Association Joint Proceedings, Aug 28-Sept 3, San Diego, California.

Nollens, H., Jacobson, E., Beusse, D., Gulland, F., Haulena, M., Bossart, G., Condit, R., 2004. Poxvirus infections in North American pinnipeds, 23rd annual meeting of the American Society of Virology, July 10-14, Montreal, Quebec.

Nollens, H., Jacobson, E., Beuse, D., Gulland, F., Haulena, M., Bossart, G., Condit, R., 2004. Poxvirus infections in North American pinnipeds. 35th Annual Conference of The International Association for Aquatic Animal Medicine, April 4-9, Galveston, Texas

Nollens, H., Jacobson, E., Beuse, D., Gulland, F., Haulena, M., Condit, R., 2004. A novel herpesvirus associated with necrotizing keratitis in the California sea lion, 35th Annual Conference of The International Association for Aquatic Animal Medicine, April 4-9, Galveston, Texas.

Nollens H, Jacobson ER, Beusse D, Gulland F, Haulena M, Bossart G and Condit R 2004. Poxvirus infections in North American pinnipeds.  15th International Poxvirus and Irridovirus Conference, September 3-8, 2004, Keble College, Oxford, England.

Stoddard, R., Gulland, F., Atwill, E.R., Jang, S., Lawrence, J., and Conrad, P. 2004. Prevalence and antibiotic sensitivity of Campylobacter and Salmonella spp. from the gastrointestinal tract of wild and stranded Northern Elephant Seals (Mirounga angustirostris). American Association of Zoo Veterinarians, American Association of Wildlife Veterinarians, Wildlife Disease Association Joint Proceedings, Aug 28-Sept 3, San Diego, California.
 
Stott, J., Aldridge, B., Bowen, L., Johnson, M., Lowenstine, L., Gulland, F., DeLong, R., Melin, S., van Bonn, W., Gelatt, T., Antonelis, G., Beckman, K., Burek, K., 2004. Diversity of immune response (major histocompatability complex, MHC) genes in free-ranging pinnipeds, 35th Annual Conference of The International Association for Aquatic Animal Medicine, April 4-9, Galveston, Texas.

2003

Brodie, E., Gulland, F.M.D., Greig, D., Hunter, M., Jaakola, J., Leighfield, T., St. Leger, J., Van Dolah, F., 2003. Domoic acid causes reproductive failure in California sea lions (Zalophus californianus). 15th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, December 14-19, Greensboro, NC.

Colegrove, K.M., Lowenstine, L.J., Gulland, F.M.D., 2003. Leptospirosis in northern elephant seals (Mirounga angustirostris) stranded along the california coast: clinical and pathologic features. 34th annual meeting of  the International Association of Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 10-14, Kohala Coast of Hawaii.

Dailey, M.D., 2003. Parasitic eye infections of the galapagos sea lion (Zalophus wollenbalki) by a digenetic trematode of the genus Philophthalmus. 34th annual meeting of  the International Association of Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 10-14, Kohala Coast of Hawaii.

Filer R., Haulena, M., Fauquier, D., Gulland, F.M.D., 2003. Clear corneal cataract extraction in a northern elephant seal (Mirounga angustirostris). 34th annual meeting of  the International Association of Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 10-14, Kohala Coast of Hawaii.

Goldstein, T., Gulland, F.M.D., Braun, R.C., Antonelis, G. A., Dalton L. M., Rowles, T., Mazet, J.A.K., Aldridge, B.M., Stott J.L., 2003. Molecular identification of a novel gamma herpesvirus in hawaiian monk seals (Monachus schauinslandi). 34th annual meeting of  the International Association of Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 10-14, Kohala Coast of Hawaii.

Greig, D., Gulland, F.M.D., 2003. Ten years of California sea lion (Zalophus californianus) strandings along the central and northern California coast: changes in disease prevalence 1991-2000. 15th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, December 14-19, Greensboro, NC.

Gulland, F.M.D., Hall, A., 2003. The Impact of Disease on Marine Mammal Populations. Future Directions in Marine Mammal Research, August 19, Portland, OR.

Haulena M., McKnight, C., Gulland, F.M.D., 2003. Acute necrotizing keratitis in california sea lions (Zalophus californianus) housed at a rehabilitation facility. 34th annual meeting of  the International Association of Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 10-14, Kohala Coast of Hawaii.

Haulena, M., Thompson, B., Neimanis, A., Gulland, F.M.D., Wiebe, V.J., 2003. Pharmacokinetics of phenobarbital in California sea lions (Zalophus californianus). American Association of Zoo Veterinarians Annual Conference, October 4-10, Minneapolis, MN.

Hunt, T.D., Mazet, J.A.K., Ziccardi, M.H., Hird D.W., Gulland, F.M.D., Rowles, T., Ragen T.J., 2003. Work-related injury and illness associated with marine mammal contact. 34th annual meeting of  the International Association of Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 10-14, Kohala Coast of Hawaii.

Johnson S., Jang S., Almy F., Gardner I., Lowenstine L., Gulland, F.M.D., 2003. Bacterial flora of the vagina and prepuce of california sea lions (Zalophus californianus) and association with urogenital carcinoma. 34th annual meeting of  the International Association of Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 10-14, Kohala Coast of Hawaii.

McKnight C.A., Haulena, M., Gulland, F.M.D., Reynolds, T.L., 2003. Hemi-cerebral agenesis in a stranded pacific harbor seal (Phoca vitulina richardsi). 34th annual meeting of  the International Association of Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 10-14, Kohala Coast of Hawaii.

McKnight C.A., Haulena, M., Gulland, F.M.D., Reynolds, T.L., 2003. Hemi-cerebral anomaly in a stranded Pacific harbor seal (Phoca vitulina). 22nd Annual Midwest Association of Veterinary Pathologists, August 14-15, General Butler State Resort Park Carrollton, KY.

Parás, A., Brousset, D.M., Salazar, S., Benites, M., Dailey, M., Cucchi, K., Aurioles, D., 2003. Health assessment of pinnipeds populations found in the Galapàgos Islands. American Association of Zoo Veterinarians Annual Conference, October 4-10, Minneapolis, MN.

Petrauskas, L., Atkinson, SA, Gulland, F.M.D., Mashburn, K.L., Mellish, J.E., Greig, D., Horning, M., 2003. Validation of steroid hormone assays for stress determination in California sea lions (Zalophus californianus). 15th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, December 14-19, Greensboro, NC.

Petrauskas, L., Atkinson, SA, Gulland, F.M.D., Mashburn, K.L., Mellish,J.E., Greig, D., Horning, M., 2003. Corticoid assay validation to determine stress response of surgical implantation of telemetry devices in otariids. Marine Science for the Northeast Pacific: Science for resource-dependent communities, January 13-17, 2003, Anchorage, AK.

Stoddard, R.A., Gulland, F.M.D., Jang S.S., Lawrence, J., Atwill, E.R., Conrad, P.A., 2003.  Prevalence and antibiotic sensitivity of Campylobacter and Salmonella spp. from the gastrointestinal tract of northern elephant seals (Mirounga angustirostris). 15th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, December 14-19, Greensboro, NC.

Wise S.S., Little, J., Wise Sr, J.P., Bozza, M., Atkinson S., St. Aubin, D., Dunn J. L., Gulland, F.M.D., 2003. Metal toxicity in cultured steller sea lion fibroblasts. 34th annual meeting of  the International Association of Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 10-14, Kohala Coast of Hawaii.

Zagzebski, K., Gulland, F., Haulena, M., Lander, M., Gage, L., Hanson, B.  A review of twenty-five years of data on rehabilitation of odontocetes stranded in central and northern California, 1977 to 2002. 15th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, Dec. 14-19, 2003, Greensboro, NC.

2002

Acevedo-Whitehouse, K., De La Cueva, H., Gulland, F.M.D., 2002. Molecular and serologic detection of leptospirosis in California sea lion pups. California Marine Mammal Stranding Network Conference, Jan. 17-19, Moss Landing, CA.

Brodie, E., Stoudt, S., Zagzebski, K., 2002. Rescue equipment and equipment demo. California Marine Mammal Stranding Network Conference, Jan. 17-19, Moss Landing, CA.

Buckles, E.L., Greig, D., Gulland, F.M.D., Lowenstine, L.J., 2002. Histologic morphology of the California sea lion (Zalophus californianus) reproductive tract throughout the estrous cycle. California Stranding Network Conference, Jan. 17-19, Moss Landing, CA.

Buckles, E., Gulland, F.M.D., Aldridge, B., Stott, J., Lowenstine, L. 2002. Metastatic urogenital carcinomas in California sea lions (Zalophus californianus) are highly associated with Otariine Herpesvirus-1 (OtHV-1) infection. Abstract 22.  Veterinary Pathology 39: 618.

Dailey M.D., 2002. Advances in lungworms of marine mammals.  Tenth International Congress of Parasitology, Aug. 4-9, Vancouver, Canada.

Fauquier, D., Gulland, F.M.D., Spraker, T.R., Christopher, M.M., Mazet, J.A.K., 2002. Tissue distribution of liver enzymes in California sea lions and harbor seals. Wildlife Disease Association, July 28-Aug. 1, Arcata, CA.

Funke, C., Aldridge, B., Leutenegger, C., Smith, B.R., Stott, J., Gulland, F.M.D., Van Bonn, W., 2002. Development of a real-time quantitative RT-PCR (Taqman) assay to measure cytokine profiles in California sea lions (Zalophus californianus) and Bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). International Association for Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 4-8, Albufeira, Portugal.

Goldstein, T., Gulland, F.M.D., Aldridge, B., Harvey, J.T., Rowles, T., Stott, J.L., Mazet, J.A.K., 2002. Phocine Herpesvirus-1 infections in North American harbor seals (Phoca vitulina). Wildlife Disease Association, July 28-Aug. 1, Arcata, CA.

Goldstein, T., Gulland, F.M.D., Rowles, T., Harvey, J.T., Lambourn, D.M., Jeffries, S. J., Measures, L., Yochem, P.K., Stewart, B.S., Aldridge, B., Stott, J.L., Mazet, J.A.K., 2002. Prevalence of exposure of harbor seals (Phoca vitulina) to Phocine Herpesvirus-1 (PHV-1) in North America. California Marine Mammal Stranding Network Conference, Jan. 17-19, Moss Landing, CA.

Greig, D., Gulland, F.M.D., Atkinson, S., Mashburn, K., 2002. Serum progesterone concentrations in adult female California sea lions that stranded in central California from January 1998 through February 2001. International Association for Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 4-8, Albufeira, Portugal.

Gulland, F.M.D., Lowenstine, L., Buckles, E., Rowles, T., Whaley, J., 2002. Increased gray whale (Eschrichtius robustus) strandings in 1999 and 2000-was malnutrition the cause? International Association for Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 4-8, Albufeira, Portugal.

Gulland, F., Lowenstine, L., Buckles, E., Rowles, T., Whaley, J., Mazet, J.A.K., Kreuder, C., 2002. Increased gray whale (Eschrichtius robustus) strandings in 1999 and 2000-was malnutrition the cause? Wildlife Disease Association, July 28-Aug. 1, Arcata, CA.

Gulland, F., Lowenstine, L., Buckles, E., Stott, J., Aldridge, B., Ylitalo, G., DeLong, R., Melin, S., 2002. A novel herpesvirus and cancer in California sea lions (Zalophus californianus). California Marine Mammal Stranding Network Conference, Jan. 17-19, Moss Landing, CA.

Hanni, K.D., Mazet, J.A.K., Gulland, F.M.D., Estes, J., 2002. Comparison of survival and behavior of rehabilitated and free-ranging juvenile Southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis). California Marine Mammal Stranding Network Conference, Jan.17-19, Moss Landing, CA.

Harvey, J., Lander, M., 2002. Rehabilitation and release of pinnipeds: assessing survival and success. California Marine Mammal Stranding Network Conference, Jan. 17-19, Moss Landing, CA.

Haulena, M., 2002. Diseases and medical management of stranded marine mammals. Cornell University School of Veterinary Medicine, Feb.1-3, Ithaca, New York.

Haulena, M., 2002. Diseases and medical management of stranded marine mammals. MarVet, June 4-9, Sarasota, Florida.

Haulena, M., Greig, D., Lander, M., Hansen, B., Gulland, F.M.D., 2002. Rehabilitation and post-release tracking of a stranded harbor porpoise. California Marine Mammal Stranding Network Conference, Jan. 17-19, Moss Landing, CA.

Haulena, M., Gulland, F.M.D., Lawrence, J.A., Fauquier, D.A., Jang, S., Aldridge, B., Spraker, T., Davidson, M.K., 2002. Lesions associated with a novel Mycoplasma sp. in stranded California sea lions (Zalophus californianus). International Association for Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 4-8, Albufeira, Portugal.

Johnson, S., Gulland, F.M.D., Lawrence, J., Jang, S., Herrera, J., Miller, M., Casper, D., 2002. Characterization and clinical manifestations of Arcanobacterium phocae infections in marine mammals stranded along the central California coast. International Association for Aquatic Animal Medicine, May 4-8, Albufeira, Portugal.

Johnson, S., Gulland, F.M.D., Lawrence, J., Jang, S., Herrera, J., Miller, M., Casper, D., 2002. Characterization and clinical manifestations of Arcanobacterium phocae infections in marine mammals stranded along the central California coast. Wildlife Disease Association, July 28-Aug. 1, Arcata, CA.

Zagzebski, K., 2002. The Marine Mammal Center 2001 stranding statistics and interesting case studies.  California Marine Mammal Stranding Network Conference, Jan. 17-19, Moss Landing, CA.

Mayer, K., Dailey, M., Miller, M., 2002. Abundance and distribution of Profillicolis spp. (Acantocephala) in the Southern sea otter (Enhydra lutris nereis) and pathology associated with infection. California Marine Mammal Stranding Network Conference, Jan. 17-19, Moss Landing, CA.

Silvagni, P., Lowenstine, L. Spraker, T., Gulland, F.M.D., 2002. Pathologic findings in domoic- acid-intoxicated California sea lions (Zalophus californianus). Abstract 40. Veterinary Pathology 39: 622.

Stoudt, S., Andrews, S., 2002. Rescue of California sea lions from boat hull. California Marine Mammal Stranding Network Conference, Jan. 17-19, Moss Landing, CA.

 

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